USDA—–Michigan farmers planted more corn acres and fewer soybean acres in 2023 than they did in 2022. Periods of cold and wet weather throughout the spring hindered fieldwork activities, but dryer, warmer conditions in mid- to late May accelerated planting progress and crop growth. By early June, crop emergence was ahead of the 5-year average, although prolonged dry conditions posed a challenge to producers as they headed into the summer.
According to Marlo D. Johnson, Director, USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office, Michigan corn growers planted 2.40 million acres, up 50,000 from last year. Harvested acres of corn for grain were set at 2.05 million acres, also up 50,000 from last year.
Michigan soybean growers planted 2.05 million acres, down 200,000 acres from last year. Growers expect to harvest 2.04 million acres of soybeans in 2023.
Winter wheat growers planted 630,000 acres in Michigan, up 170,000 acres from 2022. Harvested acres of winter wheat for grain are anticipated to be 590,000 acres, up 175,000 acres from last year.
Nationally, corn planted area for all purposes in 2023 is estimated at 94.1 million acres, up 6 percent or 5.52 million acres from last year. This represents the third highest planted acreage in the United States since 1944. Compared with last year, planted acreage is expected to be up or unchanged in 43 of the 48 estimating States. Area harvested for grain, at 86.3 million acres, is up 9 percent from last year.
U.S. soybean planted area for 2023 is estimated at 83.5 million acres, down 5 percent from last year. Compared with last year, planted acreage is down or unchanged in 21 of the 29 estimating States.
The 2023 winter wheat planted area, at 37.0 million acres, is up 11 percent from last year but down 1 percent from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 25.7 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 7.66 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.68 million acres are White Winter.
USDA—–Michigan’s total hog and pig inventory on June 1 was estimated at 1.21 million head, up 30,000 head from a year ago, according to Marlo D. Johnson, Regional Director of the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Breeding hog inventory, at 115,000 head, was up 5,000 from last June. Market hog inventory, at 1.10 million head, was up 2 percent from last year. The average pigs saved per litter for the March to May quarter was 11.10, compared to 10.80 from the same period last year.
United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2023, was 72.4 million head. This was up slightly from June 1, 2022, but down 1 percent from March 1, 2023. Breeding inventory, at 6.15 million head, was down slightly from last year, but up 1 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 66.2 million head, was up slightly from last year, but down 1 percent from last quarter.
The March-May 2023 pig crop, at 32.9 million head, was up 1 percent from 2022. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.90 million head, down 2 percent from 2022. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 11.36 for the March-May period, compared to 11.00 last year.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.94 million sows farrow during the June-August 2023 quarter, down 4 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period one year earlier, and down 4 percent from the same period two years earlier. Intended farrowings for September-November 2023, at 2.95 million sows, are down 4 percent from the same period one year earlier, and down 3 percent from the same period two years earlier.